The Xtra Scoop
Mycotoxins
There are numerous economic consequences associated with mycotoxins in
ruminant production that are very serious. Mycotoxins damage intestinal
tissue, which reduces nutrient absorption. They also impair liver, kidney,
reproductive, and immune function, which reduces the performance of the
animal.

The consequences, however, don't stop there. Mycotoxins may be
responsible for a range of diseases and can be transferred from the food the
animal is given to the meat, milk, and eggs that they produce. Humans can
then eat those infected foods.

Dairy cows are relatively strong in defending and making a barrier against
the mycotoxins. However, even with the rumen working correctly, two
percent of toxins can still get transferred to the milk. That doesn't sound like
a lot, but it still can cause milk to be rejected, causing difficulty for farmers
to make a decent living. The original level of mycotoxins in feed, as low as it
is, can have disastrous effects as well.

Some efforts in counteracting the mycotoxins include clays and modified
glucans. However, the use of clays causes unnecessary nutrient and vitamin
absorption that can't be used by the animal. Therefore, the use of these clays
has been limited in the past few years. The best preventions of mycotoxins is
maintaining a clean trough and keeping silage and grains fresh.

The use of Epic II CL and Karbo Flour/Pellets or the combination of the two
products in Karbo Combo has been very useful and successful in combating
the devastating effects of mycotoxins. In many cases, year round feeding of
these products at low levels is a must to prevent toxic conditions.

Information provided by:  
Gomers Inc.
Mycotoxins
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